A new universal basic income model could cut poverty by more than half, reducing it to its lowest level for 60 years.
This fiscally neutral scheme involves no additional calls on the public finances and no net increase in taxation.
The new research by the Basic Income Conversation and Compass represents the most substantive attempt yet to assess the impact of a basic income (UBI) scheme and the greater income security it provides.
The cost of the extra payments would be exactly offset by the extra revenue from internal changes in tax rates and National Insurance Contributions.
Under the model, compared to the current system:
- Child poverty falls by more than a half to 12.5%, taking it to below the level of 14.0% in 1977.
- Working-age poverty falls by just over a quarter, from 19.4% to 14.9%.
- Pensioner poverty falls by 54%, from 16.7% to 7.7%. This takes the level of pensioner poverty to well below the lowest post-1961 rate of 14% in the early 1980s.
- The Gini coefficient – a summary measure of inequality – falls by 12.5%, taking it back towards the peak equality achieved in the 1970s.
- The gains are concentrated among the poorest and the losses among higher income groups.
The model involves two broad sets of changes to the existing tax and benefit system:
- A guaranteed set of weekly payments which provide an income floor. These are £41 per child and £63 per adult of working age, making a guaranteed payment of nearly £11,000 a year for a family of four.
- A series of tax adjustments pay for the weekly basic income: the changes involve lowering the personal allowance to £750, a rise in existing tax rates of 3p in the pound and a change in the current system of National Insurance Contributions.
As well as ensuring fiscal neutrality, these changes ensure that the gains are concentrated among the poorest third of people in the UK.
See media coverage of the report here:
- ‘Inflation and the economics of belonging’ – Financial Times
- ‘An impactful and affordable universal basic income scheme is within reach’ – Stewart Lansley in LabourList