‘The context for a world without poverty’ is a paper that is part of series for a project that the Webb Memorial Trust (WMT) and Compass conduct together to develop a Theory and Practice of Change for a World Without Poverty. The aim with this project is to look at how poverty can be ended as well as getting the support and backing for policies and strategies that could make a world without poverty possible. With this project, the WMT and Compass hope to make transformative changes happen in a society where politics and democracy no longer function as it used to. The strategies, tactics and policies need to be adjusted and operate in the context of our increasingly complex society. And that is exactly what is central to this paper- the context in which we end poverty may be the one we live in right now.